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Sin, Cos and Tan
A right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one of the angles is a right-angle. The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is the longest side, which is the one opposite the right angle. The adjacent side is the side which is between the angle in question and the right angle. The opposite side is opposite the angle in question.
In any right angled triangle, for any angle: The sine of the angle = the length of the opposite side   ...